Small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) and non-profit organisations often face unique challenges when it comes to cyber security. They may not have the same resources…
Malware loaders are rising as a cyber security threat, with new and dangerous variations emerging constantly. While the technical details may be complex, the public needs to understand these cybercriminal tools. Knowing malware loader techniques can help individuals and organisations avoid becoming victims.
What Are Malware Loaders?
In simple terms, malware loaders are hacker tools used to install malicious software onto a computer or network secretly. Their primary purpose is to bypass antivirus defences and other security measures to deliver a malware payload.
Some of the most common types of malware spread by loaders include remote access Trojans, keyloggers, spyware, adware, ransomware and more. Once installed, this malware allows hackers to steal data, encrypt files for ransom, monitor activities and more.
Stealthy Techniques Used by Malware Loaders
Malware loaders use a variety of clever tricks to avoid detection. For example, some loaders exploit vulnerabilities in popular software like web browsers and apps. This allows them to sneak past security defences.
Other loaders utilise encryption to scramble their code and conceal malware payloads from antivirus scans. Some are built using modular components to disguise their intentions. Still, others spread through phishing emails and infected ads and sites.
By leveraging these techniques, malware loaders can infiltrate networks and endpoints while evading traditional safeguards. This enables them to download even more harmful threats directly onto targets.
Most Dangerous Malware Loader Threats
While there are many loader variants, researchers at ReliaQuest have found seven main loaders used in attacks today.
Above are the seven most used loaders found in customer environments. These loaders should be highlighted to individuals and organisations as something you want to protect against.
“QakBot” “SocGholish,” and “Raspberry Robin” were overwhelmingly the most popular loaders. This accounted for 80% of incidents involving malware loaders that ReliaQuest observed.
Protecting Against Malware Loaders
While malware loaders present a severe threat, there are ways to improve protection:
- Keep all software up to date with the latest security patches. This denies loaders weaknesses to exploit.
- Use comprehensive antivirus and anti-malware tools to detect known threats.
- Employ firewalls and email filtering to block malicious sites, attachments, and links.
- Educate employees on cyber risks to avoid falling for social engineering techniques.
Staying vigilant against the latest malware loader tactics can prevent cybercriminals from gaining a foothold in your network. Individuals and businesses can guard against these threats with awareness and proper security.